Tools Needed To Build a Sidewalk, and the Process

Adding a sidewalk to your home can be a great addition to your property. This can improve your home’s curb appeal and provide a safe and sturdy place to walk. Often, these are placed around the side of the home, from a driveway to the front door, and in other areas that may have a lot of foot traffic. If you want to build a sidewalk, there is much that you will need to know.

Tools Needed

When building a sidewalk, a common question is, what tools do I need for a DIY sidewalk? There are various tools used for building a sidewalk that you should gather before building it. The most important things you will need include shovels, hammers, various saws and cutting tools, a rake, and a wheelbarrow.

Materials Needed

Beyond getting all the tools you need to build a sidewalk, you also need various materials. You will need concrete, wood stakes, gravel, spray paint, and hardboard siding. These materials will be needed during various parts of the sidewalk development process.

Process of Building a Sidewalk

Once you have gathered all the materials and tools, various steps need to be followed. Some of these include the following:

Plan the Sidewalk

You should clearly outline on your property where the sidewalk will be placed. Ideally, it should be at least two to three feet wide and should be marked clearly on your property. This will also be needed when seeking any zoning approval.

Dig It Out

One of the more challenging parts of laying a sidewalk is laying it out. The land that is dug out will need to be at least six inches deep, and you should plan to dig around three inches outside of your marked lines, providing room for additional support.  

Add Stakes and Side Wall

Once the dirt is dug up, you will need to add support for the concrete. This includes adding a wood wall around the edge of the sidewalk. Place stakes every few feet to add additional support. All joints will need to be reinforced using screws or nails.

Prepare Ground

Next, you need to prepare the ground. This will include packing down the dirt and then laying gravel about four inches in depth. You can then add concrete mesh on top of the gravel.

Pour and Rake Concrete

One of the most critical steps is pouring and raking the concrete. This should be done very carefully to ensure it is done smoothly. The use of a smoothing board, bull float, and other tools will help this happen properly. You can then use edgers to ensure it fills in properly towards the edges of the wall.

Once these steps are followed, it is important to put in any lines or textures you want. You should then cover it fully with a sheet and allow it to dry. After a week, it should be strong enough to use and walk on.

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